Abuse Warrior may earn a commission for purchases made after clicking links on this page. Learn More.

Recognizing Trauma Bond Withdrawal Symptoms: A Comprehensive Guide

* I generally write using the pronouns he/him when referring to narcissists, but females are just as likely to be narcissists or exhibit narcissistic traits. So please don't think just because article uses the word him or he that it could not be a woman in that same role.

In the realm of human emotions and relationships, trauma bonds represent a complex and challenging aspect that requires our attention.

Understanding the intricacies of trauma bonds and their subsequent withdrawal symptoms is crucial for individuals seeking to heal and move forward.

In this comprehensive article, we will explore the concept of trauma bonds, delve into the symptoms of trauma bond withdrawal, and offer insights to help individuals recognize and cope with these emotional challenges.

What are Trauma Bonds?

Trauma bonds, also known as Stockholm Syndrome, are powerful emotional connections formed between an abuser and a victim, often occurring in abusive or harmful relationships.

These bonds are characterized by an intense attachment to the very person who inflicts pain and suffering upon the victim. The term “Stockholm Syndrome” originated from a hostage situation in Stockholm, Sweden, where hostages developed emotional bonds with their captors. Trauma bonds operate similarly, leading victims to defend their abusers and disregard their own well-being.

The Mechanics of Trauma Bonds

Trauma bonds are forged through a cycle of intermittent reinforcement, creating emotional highs and lows in the victim. Abusers alternate between kindness and cruelty, leaving the victim seeking validation and compassion from their tormentor. This creates a powerful psychological connection that can be difficult to break.

The abuser manipulates the victim’s emotions, causing them to feel responsible for the abuser’s actions and behaviors. The victim may feel guilt, shame, and a sense of unworthiness, which only strengthens the trauma bond. Additionally, isolation from external support networks ensures that the victim becomes wholly dependent on the abuser for emotional stability.

Recognizing Trauma Bond Withdrawal Symptoms

Recognizing Trauma Bond Withdrawal Symptoms

Recognizing and acknowledging trauma bond withdrawal symptoms is the first step toward healing and recovery. Some common signs of trauma bond withdrawal include:

1. Emotional Turmoil

Individuals experiencing trauma bond withdrawal may undergo intense emotional turmoil. They might struggle to make sense of their feelings, vacillating between love and hate for their abuser. This emotional rollercoaster often leads to confusion and self-doubt.

2. Obsession with the Abuser

Even after the end of the abusive relationship, victims of trauma bonds may find themselves obsessively thinking about their abuser. This obsession is a lingering effect of the emotional dependency created during the abusive dynamic.

3. Anxiety and Fear

Trauma bond withdrawal can trigger anxiety and fear in victims. The fear of retaliation or the belief that they cannot survive without their abuser holds them captive mentally and emotionally.

4. Social Withdrawal

Victims of trauma bonds may withdraw from their social circles and isolate themselves. The trauma bond convinces them that they are unworthy of love and support, making it challenging to seek help from others.

5. Self-Blame

Self-blame is a common symptom of trauma bond withdrawal. Victims may internalize the blame for the abuse, believing that they somehow caused it or deserved it.

6. Mood Swings and Depression

Fluctuating moods and persistent feelings of sadness and despair are characteristic of trauma bond withdrawal. Victims may struggle to find joy or purpose in life without their abuser.

8. Physical Symptoms

The emotional toll of trauma bond withdrawal can manifest physically. Individuals may experience headaches, digestive issues, sleep disturbances, and other stress-related symptoms.

9. Sense of Self

Trauma bonds often distort an individual’s sense of self. Survivors may struggle to identify their own needs and desires, as the focus is primarily on the abusive partner’s wants and demands.

10. Relapse and Temptation

Trauma bond withdrawal can be a cyclical process, leading victims to relapse into the abusive relationship or seek out similar harmful connections.

11. Stockholm Syndrome

A form of trauma bonding, Stockholm Syndrome, occurs when victims develop a psychological alliance with their abuser as a survival mechanism. They may defend their abuser and exhibit loyalty despite the abuse they endure.

 The temptation to return to the abuser may be strong due to the familiarity and comfort of the bond.

Coping with Trauma Bond Withdrawal

Overcoming trauma bond withdrawal requires patience, self-compassion, and professional support. Here are some strategies to help cope with the process:

1. Seek Professional Help

When dealing with trauma bond withdrawal, professional support plays a vital role in the healing journey. A qualified therapist or counselor can guide individuals through the stages of trauma bonding and provide tools to cope with emotional responses.

Patrick Carnes, the founder of the International Institute for Trauma and Addiction Professionals, has extensively researched trauma bonds and developed effective treatment methods. For more information about Patrick Carnes and the institute’s resources, you can visit their official website at www.iitap.com.

2. Establish a Support Group

Build a support network of friends, family, or support groups who can offer understanding, empathy, and encouragement. Connecting with others who have experienced similar situations can be particularly beneficial.

3. Practice Self-Care

Prioritize self-care activities that promote emotional and physical well-being. Engaging in activities you enjoy can help restore a sense of self-worth and create a safe place for healing.

4. Set Boundaries

Learn to set boundaries in relationships and identify red flags to avoid falling back into toxic connections. Creating healthy boundaries is essential for breaking the cycle of abuse.

5. Educate Yourself

Educate yourself about trauma bonds and abusive relationships. Understanding the dynamics involved can empower you to break free from their influence and make healthier choices in the future.

6. Challenge Negative Thoughts

Work on challenging and reframing negative thoughts and beliefs about yourself that were instilled during the trauma bond. Developing a more positive self-image is crucial for healing.

7. Engage in Healing Practices

Mindfulness, meditation, and other healing practices can aid in reducing anxiety and promoting emotional balance. These practices can also help regulate the nervous system and manage emotional pain.

Recognizing Healthy Relationships

To break free from an unhealthy relationship and trauma bond, understanding what constitutes a healthy relationship is crucial. Healthy relationships are based on mutual respect, open communication, and trust.

They do not involve abuse, manipulation, or power differentials. In a healthy relationship, partners support each other’s emotional needs and encourage positive behaviors.

For tips and resources on building healthy relationships, you can explore reputable relationship websites and books.

Recognizing Trauma-Bonded Relationships

Recognizing a trauma-bonded relationship is essential for initiating the healing process. Signs of a trauma bond may include a strong emotional connection, cycles of abuse, fear of abandonment, and emotional attachment to the abusive partner.

Victims of abuse may find it challenging to leave the relationship due to the intense bond and fear of dangerous situations. If you or someone you know needs immediate assistance in leaving an abusive situation, contact the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-SAFE (7233) or visit their website at www.thehotline.org for help and support.

Breaking the Cycle of Trauma Bonds

Breaking free from a trauma bond can be a long and challenging journey, but it is possible with great care and professional support. Understanding the dynamics of trauma bonds and addressing emotional pain is the first step toward healing.

Building a support network and engaging in healthy coping strategies are crucial for recovery. If you or someone you know needs help in breaking the cycle of trauma bonds, reach out to a mental health professional or a local treatment center specializing in trauma and abuse.


Recognizing trauma bond withdrawal symptoms and understanding the complexities of trauma bonds is vital for those seeking healing from abusive relationships.

Remember, healing from trauma bonds is a process that requires patience, self-compassion, and support. By recognizing the signs of trauma bonding and seeking help, individuals can overcome the cycle of abuse and find a path toward healthier, happier relationships.

If you or someone you know is experiencing trauma bond withdrawal or in an abusive relationship, know that there is help available. Reach out to support networks, such as the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-SAFE (7233), or visit their website at www.thehotline.org, where trained professionals can provide guidance and resources for escaping an abusive situation.

Continue in our Trauma and Codependency Series

Read More about Narcissist Abuse and Domestic Violence

Emergency Numbers

Rape Abuse and Incest National Network (RAINN) is the nation’s largest organization fighting sexual violence: (800) 656-HOPE / (800) 810-7440 (TTY)

988 Mental Health Emergency Hotline: Calling 988 will connect you to a crisis counselor regardless of where you are in the United States.

911 Emergency

The National Runaway Safeline: 800-RUNAWAY (800-786-2929)

Self Abuse Finally Ends (S.A.F.E)

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Trauma & Child Abuse Resource Center

Domestic Violence Shelters & Resources

Futures Without Violence

National Center for Victims of Crime

National Coalition Against Domestic Violence

National Network to End Domestic Violence

National Sexual Violence Resource Center

Prevent Child Abuse America

Stalking Prevention, Awareness, and Resource Center (SPARC)

National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) HelpLine: 1-800-950-NAMI, or text “HELPLINE” to 62640. Both services are available between 10 a.m. and 10 p.m. ET, Monday–Friday

National Domestic Violence Hotline: 1-800-799-7233

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-TALK (8255); www.suicidepreventionlifeline.orgOr, just dial 988

Suicide Prevention, Awareness, and Support: www.suicide.org

Crisis Text Line: Text REASON to 741741 (free, confidential and 24/7). In English and Spanish

Self-Harm Hotline: 1-800-DONT CUT (1-800-366-8288)

Family Violence Helpline: 1-800-996-6228

American Association of Poison Control Centers: 1-800-222-1222

National Council on Alcoholism & Drug Dependency: 1-800-622-2255

LGBTQ Hotline: 1-888-843-4564

National Maternal Mental Health Hotline: 1-833-TLC-MAMA (1-833-852-6262)

The Trevor Project: 1-866-488-7386 or text “START” to 678678. Standard text messaging rates apply. Available 24/7/365. (Provides crisis intervention and suicide prevention services to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer & questioning—LGBTQ—young people under 25.)

The SAGE LGBT Elder Hotline connects LGBT older people and caretakers with friendly responders. 1-877-360-LGBT (5428)

The Trans Lifeline is staffed by transgender people for transgender people:
1-877-565-8860 (United States)
1-877-330-6366 (Canada)

Veterans Crisis Line: https://www.veteranscrisisline.net

International Suicide Prevention Directory: findahelpline.com

The StrongHearts Native Helpline is a confidential and anonymous culturally appropriate domestic violence and dating violence helpline for Native Americans, available every day from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. CT. Call 1-844-762-8483.

‘Find a Therapist’ Online Directories


UK & Republic of Ireland

  • Emergency: 112 or 999
  • Hotline: +44 (0) 8457 90 90 90 (UK – local rate)
  • Hotline: +44 (0) 8457 90 91 92 (UK minicom)
  • Hotline: 1850 60 90 90 (ROI – local rate)
  • Hotline: 1850 60 90 91 (ROI minicom)
  • YourLifeCounts.org: https://yourlifecounts.org/find-help/

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *